Black History and Culture

Black History in Arizona
People, Places, Events

Farm worker families living at the Farm Security Administration mobile unit in
Friendly Corners, Arizona 1942
Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division

The Farm Security Administration (FSA) was established in 1935 as part of President Roosevelt's New Deal Program.  It was originally called the Resettlement Administration.  The mission of the FSA was to relocate entire farm communities to areas where farming would be more profitable.



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Beau Brummel
A social club founded in 1936 by successful African American businessmen.

In the 1940s and 1950s, the Cleveland Indians did their spring training in Tucson, Arizona. The team's headquarters, the Pioneer Hotel, had a "white only" policy. A restaurant owned by Brummel club member, Duke Shaw, became the headquarters for the Cleveland Indians African American players, including Larry Doby, the first African American to play in the American Baseball League. 
Elgie Mike Batteau (1905-1994)
The first African American to serve on the Pima Community College Governing Board and one of the first Black women to get a degree from the University of Arizona. 
Dunbar School
When Arizona became a state in 1912, the state constitution mandated that Arizona students be segregated by race. In 1913, the "Colored School" was established in Tucson to educate Black students. In 1917 the school was relocated and the name was changed to the Dunbar School.
Mount Calvary Missionary Baptist Church
The oldest Black church in Arizona
Rubin Slater, Jr.
The lead attorney for the largest school segregation case in the history of Arizona
Cicero Simmons
The first teacher, principal and janitor at the "Colored School" in Tucson.
Fred Snowden (c1936-1994)
The first African American basketball coach at the University of Arizona and the first African American to be head coach of a NCAA Division I team.

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